The Relationship Between Realistic Optimism and Self-Esteem Among Indian University Students (78127)

Session Information: General Psychology
Session Chair: Pattarakorn Khamsuprom

Thursday, 28 March 2024 09:15
Session: Session 1
Room: Room 605
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Realistic Optimism and Self-Esteem in Indian University students.

Methodology: In this study, the researcher conducted a questionnaire survey at two universities in India (n=191, age range 18-26; Male: 92, Female: 99). The researcher used the Realistic Optimism Scale (Nishaat, 2021), consisting of three factors (Future Orientation, Flexibility, and Will/Courage), and the Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.

Result: The Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed a significant positive correlation between all the three factors of Realistic Optimism and Self-Esteem. In multiple regression analysis, Self-Esteem was entered as the dependent variable and all three factors of Realistic Optimism were entered as independent variable. The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that the coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.26 for Self-Esteem. The coefficient of determination (R2) for male students was 0.30, and for female students, it was 0.22. All three factors of Realistic Optimism were significant predictors of Self-Esteem among both total students and male students. In the case of female students, however, only flexibility and will/courage emerged as significant predictors.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that Realistic Optimism significantly influences Self-Esteem. Notably, its impact is stronger among male students compared to their female counterparts. These results indicate that cultivating flexibility in situations, nurturing aspirations for the future, and having the courage to pursue those aspirations may contribute to enhancing one's self-esteem.

Aneesah Nishaat, Soka University, Japan

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Aneesah Nishaat is a University Doctoral Student at Soka University in Japan

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00